The incredible return of Griffon Vulture to Bulgaria’s Eastern Balkan Mountains — ScienceDaily

Dorothy S. Bass

Fifty several years just after presumably getting to be extinct as a breeding species in Bulgaria, the Griffon Vulture, one particular of the major birds of prey in Europe, is back again in the Japanese Balkan Mountains. Considering the fact that 2009, three area conservation NGOs — Environmentally friendly Balkans — Stara Zagora, the Fund for Wild Flora and Fauna and the Birds of Prey Safety Modern society, have been performing on a long-time period restoration programme to deliver vultures again to their former breeding array in Bulgaria. The programme is supported by the Vulture Conservation Basis, the Authorities of Extremadura, Spain, and EuroNatur. Its effects have been explained in the open-access, peer-reviewed Biodiversity Info Journal.

Two large-scale jobs funded by the EU’s Daily life resource, 1 of them ongoing, facilitate the import of captive-bred or recovered vultures from Spain, France and zoos and rehabilitation centres throughout Europe. Birds are then accommodated in exclusive acclimatization aviaries, independently tagged and launched into the wild from 5 launch web-sites in Bulgaria. Working with this process, a total of 153 Griffon Vultures were introduced concerning 2009 and 2020 from two adaptation aviaries in the Kotlenska Planina Specific Safety Spot and the Sinite Kamani Character Park in the Jap Balkan Mountains of Bulgaria.

Soon after some 50 decades of absence, the really to start with profitable copy in the place was described as early as 2016. Now, as of December 2020, the neighborhood population consists of more than 80 forever present persons, between them about 25 breeding pairs, and has currently made a total of 31-33 chicks correctly fledged into the wild.

“Why vultures of all creatures? Simply because they had been exterminated, but deliver an incredible assistance for individuals and nutritious ecosystems,” Elena Kmetova-Biro, initial job manager for the Eco-friendly Balkans NGO describes.

“We have missing about a third of the vultures set absolutely free in that web page, generally because of to electrocution shortly immediately after launch. The birds predominantly forage on feeding sites, in which the staff provides dead domestic animals gathered from area proprietors and slaughterhouses,” the researchers say.

“We, even so, look at the institution section of the reintroduction of Griffon Vulture in this certain internet site as properly done. The population is continue to dependent on conservation measures (supplementary feeding, isolation of dangerous ability lines and accidental poisoning avoidance), but the region of the Eastern Balkan Mountains can now be regarded as a 1 of the only seven present typical places for the species in the mainland Balkan Peninsula and one particular of the five which provide as population supply sites.”

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